(2021). State Reach and Development in Africa since the 1960s: New Data and Analysis. Political Science Research and Methods, FirstView.

Abstract PDF Dataset DOI

(2021). Linking Ethnic Data from Africa (LEDA). Journal of Peace Research, Online First.

Abstract PDF R-package DOI

(2021). Local Ethno-Political Polarization and Election Violence in Majoritarian vs. Proportional Systems. Journal of Peace Research, Online First.

Abstract PDF DOI

(2021). Who Benefits? How Local Ethnic Demography Shapes Political Favoritism in Africa. British Journal of Political Science, 51(4), 1582–1600.

Abstract PDF Dataset DOI

(2021). Roads to Rule, Roads to Rebel: Relational State Capacity and Conflict in Africa. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 65(2-3), 563-590.

Abstract PDF Appendix DOI

(2020). Continuity or Change? (In)direct Rule in British and French Colonial Africa. International Organization, 74(4), 707-741.

Abstract PDF Dataset DOI

(2018). New spatial data on ethnicity: Introducing SIDE. Journal of Peace Research, 55(5), 687–698.

Abstract PDF R-package Dataset DOI

Working Papers

(2020). Building Tribes: How Administrative Units Shaped Ethnic Groups in Africa.

Abstract PDF

(2020). Shaping States into Nations: The Effects of Ethnic Geography on State Borders.

Abstract PDF

(2020). Indirect Rule, Cash Crop Production, and Development in Africa.

Abstract PDF

(2019). Traditional Institutions in Africa, Past and Present. Under review.

Abstract PDF

Ongoing Projects


Spatial analyses of local state building and its effects on development and conflict.

Data Projects

State Reach in Africa

Spatial state reach data for African states since independence, based on travel times to national and regional capitals

Linking Ethnic Data from Africa (LEDA)

We interlink 11 ethnic datasets from Africa via the language tree.

Spatially Interpolated Data on Ethnicity

Collection of 253 near-continuous maps of local ethno-linguistic, religious, and ethno-religious settlement patterns in 47 countries.

Regions in independent Africa

Collection of GIS data on 1st level administrative units, independence - today.

African road network data

Time-varying GIS data on road networks from the Michelin map corpus 1966-2017.



  • Teaching Statement (pdf)

  • Research Design and Methods Practical Sessions (Fall 2020)
    MPhil International Relations, University of Oxford

  • Thesis Seminar (Fall 2020)
    MPhil International Relations, University of Oxford, Co-taught with Kalypso Nicolaïdis

  • The Development of the International System and Contemporary Debates in IR Theory (Fall 2020)
    MPhil International Relations core course, University of Oxford

  • Undergraduate Tutoring in Practice of Politics and International Relations (Fall 2020–)
    University of Oxford

  • Political Economy of Development and Conflict in Africa (Fall 2019).
    Master of Comparative and Internation Studies, ETH Zurich
    Co-taught with Yannick Pengl. Syllabus

  • Ethnic Conflict from a Political Science Perspective (2017).
    Summer School of the German National Academic Foundation
    Co-taught with Yannick Pengl. Syllabus: English | German

As a Teaching Assistant:

  • Quantitative Methods, Master level, 2015
  • Introduction to Political Economy, Undergraduate level, 2014-2015